What are Photoperiod plants? How do they differ from Auto-Flower? Photoperiod plants have a standard life cycle and rarely based on hormones (like Auto flower). There is early, mid and late Vegetative state, and early, mid and late Flower state. This is where they are different than Autoflowers. Vegetative state will stay in cycle as long as the plants receive 15-16 hours of light or more. Most growers recommend at least a 4 to 6 hour REST period. This is the acceptable standard but can be pushed a little. One of the things to remember is that when you extend the amount of time the plant is vegging, you need to be aware of the size of the root and plant when growing in containers. It becomes easy to outgrow the container if you extend the growth period beyond the normal 8-10 week average. Other issues to consider are the heights that they can grow to, especially Sativa and Sativa dominant strains. They can be tall and lanky and flowering can add (STRETCH) anywhere from 1 to 3 feet of growth. If you are in a restricted height environment, make sure you account for the space needed. Once you are satisfied with the growth in this stage, you can then move the plant to the FLOWER stage. We do this by a method we call “FLIP”. Flipping is merely limiting the plant 12 hours of light. This will induce flowering within a couple / few weeks. Males and females flower at different rates / times. The best time to TRAIN (LST, HST, Super Cropping, Chiropractic’s (named by Kyle Cushman as Kushman’s Chiropractic’s), SCROG, SOG are all methods of training your plants to produce as much as possible based on the conditions / environment it lives in. This period is the Vegetative state. This is ALWAYS the BEST TIME to do any of this. Once a plant goes into flower, we rarely want to do any training beyond LST (possibly bending branches over to control height / distance to the light / bud exposure to photons (light). All strains can suffer from STRESS and a good rule of thumb is to TAKE YOUR TIME….you do not have to do it all in one day (never more than 30%). Always give your plants a few days to recover after anything you do to them, including DEFOLIATION.